Dariusz Kolodziejczyk Brill Academic Publishers, Incorporated, 2011. This is an extensive study, supplemented by an edition of relevant sources, of the diplomatic contacts between Poland-Lithuania and the Crimean Khanate between the early 15th and the late 18th century. It contains a chronology of mutual relations, a formal analysis of various types of documents, and a glimpse into the working of the Crimean chancery, where Genghisid and Islamic forms mixed with those borrowed from Christian Europe. The book provides a fascinating insight into the intercultural exchange between Catholic Poland (with Latin and then Polish as the main chancery language) and predominantly Orthodox Lithuania (with Ruthenian as the main chancery language) on the one hand, and the Muslim Crimean Khanate (with Khwarezmian Turkic and then Ottoman Turkish as the main chancery language) on the other. It depicts Eastern Europe as a zone of contact, where the relations between Slavs and Tatars were by no means always hostile.
Alan W. FISHER. Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN : 9780521077606 Açıklama : Paperback, 200 pages,Dimensions: 216 x 140 mm, Weight: 0.26 kg The Black Sea and the coastal areas have played an important role in the history of eastern Europe and western Asia. Byzantium, Kiev Rus, the Golden Horde, Lithuania, Poland, the Ottoman Empire and Muscovy all tried to control parts of its area at various periods in history. From 1475 for three hundred years the Ottoman Turks controlled the Black Sea and the lands surrounding it. In 1783 Catherine annexed the Crimean peninsula, with its Muslim Tatar population, to the Russian Empire after a major Russian military victory over the Ottomans. The effect on the Ottoman Empire was significant. It lost its Tatar military forces when traditional means of securing recruits for the army had broken down; lost its secure northern frontier – the route to Istanbul itself was now open; it lost, for the first time, a Muslim province. This book provides a scholarly and balanced account of an important part of the transformation of the Muscovite state into a multinational empire. It also contributes to our understanding of the decline of the Ottoman Empire.
Gülayhan AQTAY. İstanbul: Mehmet Ölmez Yayınları, 2010 ISBN : 9789944761918 Açıklama : 1425 sf. Bu kitap, Kırım Karaylarının mecume, Osmanlılarınsa mecmua diye adlandırdıkları, Türk ve Karay edebiyatına elyazması bir eserin ilk tenkitli yayınıdır. Söz konusu elyazması 1903-1904 ve 1910 yıllarında Eliyahu ben Yosef Qılcı tarafından Bahçesaray’da istinsah edilmiştir. İçerdiği edebiyat metinlerinin dili çoğunlukla Kırım Türkçesi olsa bile, bu dilde pek çok Kırım Tatarcası ve Karayca kelime ile gramer özelliği bulunmaktadır. Bu yayınla okurlar, şu ana kadar az tanınmış, Türkçe konuşan ve çeşitli kültürlerin geçiş noktasında yaşayan milli ve dini bir azınlıkla tanışacaktır.
Darya KAVITSKAYA. Yale University, 2010 ISBN : 9783895866906 Açıklama : Languages of the World/Materials 477. 140pp Crimean Tatar is a Turkic language of the West Kipchak subgroup, spoken mainly in Ukraine’s Crimean peninsula and in Uzbekistan, as well as in small communities in Russia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey. Crimean Tatar consists of three major dialects: the Central dialect is currently used as the standard variety while the Northern and Southern dialects are endangered. The vowel system of standard Crimean Tatar distinguishes eight vowel phonemes. Crimean Tatar has backness and rounding harmony, as is the case in many Turkic languages (most notably, Turkish). However, rounding harmony is quite different from other Turkic languages, being licensed only by the first two syllables of the word. The inflectional morphology of Crimean Tatar is exclusively suffixing, and derivational morphology makes use of both suffixation and compounding. Syntactically, Crimean Tatar uses the usual Turkic patterns; however, the word order is not strictly SOV, possibly reflecting Russian influence. Complex sentences are formed through the coordination of clauses with or without conjunctions. Fully embedded clauses are formed with non-finite verb forms such as participles and converbs. This book contains the first full description of Crimean Tatar…
Lily HYDE. Walker Books, Londra, 2008. ISBN : 9781406307658 Açıklama : * Publication details: * Format: Paperback * ISBN: 9781406307658 * Published: 01 Sep 2008 * Price: £5.99 * Size: 198 x 129 mm * Pages: 288 One girl’s struggle to find her true home. It was meant to be like coming home…All her life, Safi’s parents have dreamed of returning to Grandpa’s native village in Crimea. But exchanging their sunny Uzbekistan house for a squalid camp is more like a nightmare. Will the return to a country where no one welcomes them tear Safi’s family apart, or can this strange land ever become home? This is a compelling story about the Crimean Tatars’ struggle to reclaim the land from which they were exiled in the Second World War.
Henryk JANKOWSKI Brill Academic Publishers, Incorporated, 2006 ISBN : 978 90 04 15433 9 Açıklama : Hardback. vi, 1298 pp., 60 illus. This dictionary, the first of its kind in Turkological studies, will prove to be an invaluable research tool for those studying the Crimea, Ukraine, as well as Eurasian Nomadism. It is the result of year-long painstaking research into the etymology of Crimean pre-Russian habitation names, providing insight into the Turkic, Greek, Caucasian place-names in a comparative context, as well as the histories of these cities, towns and villages themselves. The dictionary contains approximately 1,500 entries, preceded by an introduction with notes on the history of the Crimea and the structure of habitation names. For the reader’s convenience, many entries are classified in indices which follow the main part of the book. Additionally, three detailed primary source maps, separately indexed, are appended to the dictionary, as well as a map showing the administration network of the Crimea at the end of the Crimean Tatar Khanate.
Brian Glyn WILLIAMS . : Brill Academic Publishers, Incorporated, 2001 ISBN-13: 978-9004121225 488 sayfa This volume provides the most up-to-date analysis of the ethnic cleansing of the Crimean Tatars, their exile in Central Asia and their struggle to return to the Crimean homeland. It also traces the formation of this diaspora nation from Mongol times to the collapse of the Soviet Union. A theme which emerges through the work is the gradual construction of the Crimea as a national homeland by its indigenous Tatar population. It ends with a discussion of the post-Soviet repatriation of the Crimean Tatars to their Russified homeland and the social, emotional and identity problems involved.
Edward A. ALLWORTH . Duke University Press Books; 2 edition ISBN-13: 978-0822319948 400 sayfa.
Alan W. FISHER . Hoover Institution Press, 1978 ISBN : 978-0-8179-6662-1
Edward A. ALLWORTH . : Duke University Press, 1988 ISBN : 978-0822319948978-0822319948 Açıklama : Format: Hardcover, 396pp. This new edition of Edward A. Allworth’s The Tatars of Crimea has been extensively updated. Five new chapters examine the situation of Crimean Tatars since the breakup of the USSR in 1991 and detail the continuing struggle of the Tatars to find peace and acceptance in a homeland. Contributors to this volume—almost half of whom are Tatars—discuss the problematic results of the partial Tatar return to Crimea that began in the 1980s. This incomplete migration has left the group geographically split and has complicated their desire for stability as a people, whether in their own homeland or in the Central Asian diaspora. Those who have returned to the region on the Black Sea in Ukrayina (formerly Ukraine) have found themselves engulfed in a hostile political environment dominated by Russian residents attempting to stifle the resurgence of Crimean Tatar life. Specific essays address the current political situation in and around Crimea, recent elections, and promising developments in the culture, leadership, and movement toward unity among Crimean Tatars. Beyond demonstrating the problems of one nationality caught in a fierce power struggle, The Tatars of Crimea offers an example of…